Most of us have had that annoying experience of having a stuffy or runny nose, and sneezing uncontrollably due to allergies. This generally happens in response to different factors ranging from indoor allergens to the change of the seasons.
There are three types of nasal allergies, that physicians in orlando call rhinitis. There is seasonal allergic rhinitis, non-allergic rhinitis, and perennial allergic rhinitis.
Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
You’ll know if you have seasonal allergic rhinitis if your symptoms come and go as the seasons change and various plants bloom. If your symptoms happen in the spring, you’re probably allergic to tree pollen; in the summer, grass and weed pollens; in the late summer and fall, ragweed is the probable cause.
If your symptoms are caused by medication, exposure to cold air, strong smells or fumes, eating or exercise, you have non-allergic rhinitis.
Perennial Allergic Rhinitis
If your symptoms persist throughout the year, you have perennial allergic rhinitis and you’re probably allergic to indoor allergens such as dust mites, molds or animal dander.
Below are some common symptoms that can help you see if you have rhinitis:
- A stuffy, runny nose
- A postnasal drip that can trigger coughing
- An itchy or sore throat
- Itchy, burning, watery, or bloodshot eyes
Most people are able to self-diagnose their problem by spotting typical symptoms. If needed, an ear, nose and throat specialist can check for polyps and other nasal abnormalities. If you’d like to pinpoint your allergies, you can get skin tests and a Â RAST blood test. Just call your local physicians in orlando fl and get it checked out.
There are three treatment plans you can use for your allergies.
- Avoid Triggers
- For seasonal rhinitis, take precautions when pollen counts are high:
- Use air conditioners instead of fans.
- Drive with the windows closed and air conditioner on.
- Limit outdoor activities.
- Keep your windows and doors closed as much as possible.
- For year-round rhinitis:
- If you must have a dog or cat, bathe it weekly and try to keep it off furniture and out of the bedroom.
- Put pillows, box springs, and mattresses in sealed plastic covers to keep dust mites out. Wash bedding in hot water (above 120F) to kill dust mites.
- Remove carpeting from the bedroom.
- Use a dehumidifier to keep humidity below 40 F.
- Use Medication
- Antihistamine tablets and nasal sprays are very helpful. There are some over the counter, and others by prescription.
- Leukotriene blockers are oral prescription drugs that can relieve most allergic rhinitis symptoms.
- Nasal steroid sprays are extremely effective but can take several days to kick in.
- Decongestants are available without prescription as tablets or nasal sprays. They shouldnâ€™t be your first choice, but can be combined with a first-line drug for temporary use. Do not use a decongestant spray for more than a few days.
- Consider Immunotherapy
- â€śAllergy shotsâ€ť can help, but most doctors save them for patients who donâ€™t respond to medication well.
Since there are so many choices when it comes to medication, be sure to ask your doctor about each one and the pros and cons of it. They should be able to help you find the right treatment for your symptoms.